Parliament No:7
Session No:1
Volume No:54
Sitting No:8
Sitting Date:29-11-1989

              SOME COUNTRIES WITH APPOINTED MPs IN LOWER HOUSES



     Name of Country

     and Parliament        Membership*               Features of system



A.  COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES



 1. BANGLADESH

    Parliament          (a) 300                Directly elected on basis of

                        (b) 30 women           universal adult franchise from

                            members            single territorial constituencies.

                                               They elect the additional 30 women  

                                               members.



 2. BOTSWANA

    National Assembly   (a) 34                 Elected by universal adult suffrage.  

                        (b) 6                  The 6 appointed members are the

                                               Speaker, the Attorney-General who

                                               does not have a vote, and 4 

                                               "specially elected" members chosen

                                               by the 34 elected members.



 3. DOMINICA

    House of Assembly   (a) 21 (known as       Elected by universal adult suffrage.  

                            Representatives)   9 Senators may be appointed by the  

                        (b) 9 (Senators)       President or elected according

                                               to the wishes of Parliament. If

                                               appointed, 5 are on the advice of

                                               the Prime Minister and 4 on the

                                               advice of the Leader of the

                                               Opposition.



 4. INDIA

    House of the        (a) 542                Direct election by simple majority  

    People              (b) 2                  of adult suffrage. President of

                                               India appoints 2 members to represent  

                                               Anglo-Indian community.



 5. KENYA

    National Assembly   (a) 158                Direct election. Simple majority system  

                        (b) 15                 in single-member constituencies. Of the  

                                               15 appointees, 12 are nominated by the

                                               President and the remaining 3 are the

                                               President, Speaker and Attorney-General.  



 6. MALAWI

    National Assembly   (a) 101                Direct election by simple majority 

                        (b) Any number         system in single member constituencies.  

                            appointed by the   

                            President plus     

                            Ministers who are  

                            not elected MPs    



 7. PAKISTAN

    National Assembly   (a) 207                207 are directly-elected Muslim  

                        (b) 30                 members. Of the remaining 30, 20 are

                                               women members elected by the Assembly

                                               and 10 are reserved for minorities.



 8. SEYCHELLES

    National Assembly   (a) 23                 23 are directly elected and 2 are

                        (b) 2                  appointed by the President to

                                               represent migrant people on the

                                               outer islands.



 9. SIERRA LEONE

    House of            (a) 105                Elected by universal adult suffrage.  

    Representatives     (b) 22                 Of the 22 appointees, 10 are chosen  

                                               by the President and 12 are Paramount  

                                               Chiefs (one from each District).



10. ST VINCENT AND

    THE GRENADINES

    House of Assembly   (a) 13                 Direct election. Simple majority vote  

                        (b) 7                  in single member constituencies. The  

                                               7 appointees include the Attorney-

                                               General if he is not an elected member.  

                                               Of the remaining 6, 4 are appointed by  

                                               the Governor-General on advice of the  

                                               Prime Minister and 2 on advice of the  

                                               Leader of the Opposition.



11. SOLOMON ISLANDS

    National            (a) 38                 The 38 are directly elected by universal  

    Parliament          (b) 1                  suffrage, simple majority in single  

                                               member constituencies. The Attorney-  

                                               General is an ex-officio member who  

                                               participates without vote.



12. UGANDA

    National Assembly   (a) 126                Direct election. Simple majority 

                        (b) 30                 system. Of the 30 appointees, 10 are

                                               specially elected MPs (by the party  

                                               with most MPs), 10 are nominated by  

                                               the President, and remaining 10 are  

                                               army representatives.



13. UNITED REPUBLIC

    OF TANZANIA

    National Assembly   (a) 156                156 elected by direct universal suffrage.  

                        (b) 75                 Simple majority in single-member

                                               constituencies. Of the 75 nominated  

                                               members, 15 are women elected by the  

                                               Assembly; 5 are elected by the Zanzibar  

                                               House of Representatives from among

                                               its own members, 15 represent party

                                               organisations, another 15 are appointed  

                                               by the President and the remaining 25  

                                               are ex-officio members (Regional  

                                               Commissioners).



14. ZAMBIA

    National Assembly   (a) 126                Direct election, universal suffrage.  

                        (b) 10                 Simple majority system in single-

                                               member constituencies. 10 nominees

                                               are appointed by President.



B.  NON-COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES

    

15. EGYPT

    People's Assembly   (a) 448                Party-list proportional representation  

                        (b) 10                 system with universal ballot. President  

                                               of the Republic appoints the 10 members.  



16. GABON

    National Assembly   (a) 111                Election comprises 2 stages: Primary  

                        (b) 9                  election by indirect suffrage with

                                               single nomination of candidate and his  

                                               substitute; followed by universal,  

                                               direct suffrage for candidates appearing  

                                               on a regional list which may not be

                                               altered. Head of State appoints the

                                               other 9 members.



17. GAMBIA

    House of            (a) 36                 Elected by universal adult suffrage.  

    Representatives     (b) 14                 14 appointed members comprise 5  

                                               Chiefs (elected by the Chiefs in  

                                               Assembly), 8 non-voting nominated  

                                               members and the Attorney-General.



18. INDONESIA

    House of            (a) 360                Direct, general, free elections with  

    Representatives     (b) 100                proportional representation based on  

    of the Republic of                         a party list system. 100 appointed  

    Indonesia                                  members are nominated by the President  

                                               of the Republic.



19. KUWAIT

    National Assembly   (a) 50                 Simple majority list system (2 seats  

                        (b) 14 (Ministers)     in 25 constituencies). Universal male  

                                               suffrage.

20. PHILIPPINES

    National Assembly   (a) 184                Direct election by compulsory universal  

                        (b) 17                 suffrage of 184 regional representatives  

                                               by simple majority. 17 Members appointed  

                                               by the President comprising 3 Cabinet  

                                               members and 14 sectoral representatives.  





*(a) denotes "elected members".

 (b) denotes "appointed and ex-officio members".



Sources: (1) "Parliaments of the World" prepared by the Inter-Parliamentary Union.

         (2) Europa Year Book (1988 and 1989)