SOME COUNTRIES WITH APPOINTED MPs IN LOWER HOUSES
Name of Country
and Parliament Membership* Features of system
A. COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES
Parliament (a) 300 Directly elected on basis of
(b) 30 women universal adult franchise from
members single territorial constituencies.
They elect the additional 30 women
National Assembly (a) 34 Elected by universal adult suffrage.
(b) 6 The 6 appointed members are the
Speaker, the Attorney-General who
does not have a vote, and 4
"specially elected" members chosen
by the 34 elected members.
House of Assembly (a) 21 (known as Elected by universal adult suffrage.
Representatives) 9 Senators may be appointed by the
(b) 9 (Senators) President or elected according
to the wishes of Parliament. If
appointed, 5 are on the advice of
the Prime Minister and 4 on the
advice of the Leader of the
House of the (a) 542 Direct election by simple majority
People (b) 2 of adult suffrage. President of
India appoints 2 members to represent
National Assembly (a) 158 Direct election. Simple majority system
(b) 15 in single-member constituencies. Of the
15 appointees, 12 are nominated by the
President and the remaining 3 are the
President, Speaker and Attorney-General.
National Assembly (a) 101 Direct election by simple majority
(b) Any number system in single member constituencies.
appointed by the
Ministers who are
not elected MPs
National Assembly (a) 207 207 are directly-elected Muslim
(b) 30 members. Of the remaining 30, 20 are
women members elected by the Assembly
and 10 are reserved for minorities.
National Assembly (a) 23 23 are directly elected and 2 are
(b) 2 appointed by the President to
represent migrant people on the
9. SIERRA LEONE
House of (a) 105 Elected by universal adult suffrage.
Representatives (b) 22 Of the 22 appointees, 10 are chosen
by the President and 12 are Paramount
Chiefs (one from each District).
10. ST VINCENT AND
House of Assembly (a) 13 Direct election. Simple majority vote
(b) 7 in single member constituencies. The
7 appointees include the Attorney-
General if he is not an elected member.
Of the remaining 6, 4 are appointed by
the Governor-General on advice of the
Prime Minister and 2 on advice of the
Leader of the Opposition.
11. SOLOMON ISLANDS
National (a) 38 The 38 are directly elected by universal
Parliament (b) 1 suffrage, simple majority in single
member constituencies. The Attorney-
General is an ex-officio member who
participates without vote.
National Assembly (a) 126 Direct election. Simple majority
(b) 30 system. Of the 30 appointees, 10 are
specially elected MPs (by the party
with most MPs), 10 are nominated by
the President, and remaining 10 are
13. UNITED REPUBLIC
National Assembly (a) 156 156 elected by direct universal suffrage.
(b) 75 Simple majority in single-member
constituencies. Of the 75 nominated
members, 15 are women elected by the
Assembly; 5 are elected by the Zanzibar
House of Representatives from among
its own members, 15 represent party
organisations, another 15 are appointed
by the President and the remaining 25
are ex-officio members (Regional
National Assembly (a) 126 Direct election, universal suffrage.
(b) 10 Simple majority system in single-
member constituencies. 10 nominees
are appointed by President.
B. NON-COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES
People's Assembly (a) 448 Party-list proportional representation
(b) 10 system with universal ballot. President
of the Republic appoints the 10 members.
National Assembly (a) 111 Election comprises 2 stages: Primary
(b) 9 election by indirect suffrage with
single nomination of candidate and his
substitute; followed by universal,
direct suffrage for candidates appearing
on a regional list which may not be
altered. Head of State appoints the
other 9 members.
House of (a) 36 Elected by universal adult suffrage.
Representatives (b) 14 14 appointed members comprise 5
Chiefs (elected by the Chiefs in
Assembly), 8 non-voting nominated
members and the Attorney-General.
House of (a) 360 Direct, general, free elections with
Representatives (b) 100 proportional representation based on
of the Republic of a party list system. 100 appointed
Indonesia members are nominated by the President
of the Republic.
National Assembly (a) 50 Simple majority list system (2 seats
(b) 14 (Ministers) in 25 constituencies). Universal male
National Assembly (a) 184 Direct election by compulsory universal
(b) 17 suffrage of 184 regional representatives
by simple majority. 17 Members appointed
by the President comprising 3 Cabinet
members and 14 sectoral representatives.
*(a) denotes "elected members".
(b) denotes "appointed and ex-officio members".
Sources: (1) "Parliaments of the World" prepared by the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
(2) Europa Year Book (1988 and 1989)